City of Leander
In the City of Leander, antenna regulations are part of the
Zoning Ordinance. Section
6, "Definitions," contains the following definitions:
Antenna. Any exterior apparatus designed for telephonic, radio, or
television communications through the sending and/or receiving
of electromagnetic waves including equipment attached to a tower,
building, or other structure for the purpose of providing
personal wireless services. Antennas include the following types:
(a) Omni-Directional (or "Whip") Antenna. Receives and transmits
signals in a three hundred sixty (360) degree pattern, and which
is up to fifteen (15) feet in height and up to four inches in
(b) Directional (or "Panel") Antenna. Receives and transmits signals
in a directional pattern typically encompassing an arc of one
hundred twenty (120) degrees;
(c) Parabolic (or "Dish") Antenna. A bowl shaped devices that
receives and transmits signals in a specific directional pattern;
(d) Ancillary Antenna. An antenna that is less than twelve (12)
inches in its largest dimension and that is not directly used to
provide personal wireless communications services. An example
would be a global positioning satellite antenna (GPS.)
(e) Other. All other transmitting or receiving equipment not
specifically described in this chapter which most closely
resembles such equipment.
EIA-222. Electronics Industries Association Standard 222, "Structural
Standards for Steel Antenna Towers and Antenna Support Structures."
Guy Wire. Diagonal cables utilized to tie towers to the ground or other
Lattice Tower. A support structure that consists of a network of crossed
metal braces, forming a tower that is usually triangular or
square in cross section.
Monopole. A self-supporting telecommunications tower, whcih consists of a
single vertical pole, fixed into the ground and/or attached to
Stealth. A telecommunications tower or antenna that is effectively camouflaged
or concealed from view, i.e.: a man made tree; clock tower; church
steeple; bell tower; utility pole; light standard; identification
pylon; flagpole; or similar structure, designed to support and
camouflage or conceal the presence of telecommunications antennas.
Support Structure. The structure to which an antenna and other necessary
associated hardware is attached. Support structures include, but
are not limited to, the following:
(a) Non-residential structure;
(b) Monopole - a single pole sunk into the ground and/or attached
to a foundation;
(c) Street pole - a telephone, electric or cable television pole
located in a developed street right-of-way.
Tower. A mast, pole, monopole, or other structure designed and primarily used
to support antennas.
Tower, Freestanding. A self-supporting structure attached to the ground by a
foundation, not physically attached to a building or structure.
WCF (wireless communications facility.) A facility that transmits and/or
receives electromagnetic signals, including antennas, microwave
dishes, parabolic antennas, directional antennas, and other types
of euipment for hte transmission or reception of such signals,
towers, or similar structures supporting the equipment, equipment
buildings, shelters, cabinets, parking areas, and other necessary
Article II, Section 20, "Zoning Regulations: General" addresses tower height:
(b) Conformity to Height Requirement. No building shall be erected, converted,
enlarged, reconstructed, or structurally altered to exceed the height limit
herein established for the District in which such building is located
except as set forth below:
(1) The height limits prescribed herein shall not apply to television and
radio towers, church spires, belfries, monuments, tanks, water and
fire towers, stage towers, scenery lofts, cooling towers, ornamental
towers and spires, chimneys, elevator bulkheads, smokestacks, necessary
public or private utilities, conveyors, flag poles, and necessary
mechanical appurtenances unless they extend twenty (20) feet
above the maximum height established for the District.
Section 24, "`R-1' Single Family Residential District" specifically
lists "Water supply reservoirs, pumping plants, and towers" among the
conforming uses in R-1 Districts.
The entirety of Article III of the Zoning Ordinances addresses
"Wireless Communications Facilities." An interested party should read the
entire article. Highlights include Section 4, "General Provisions: Use
(a) Use. WCFS shall be an additional permitted use as follows:
(1) Residential Areas. Freestanding WCFs, including lattice towers, are
prohibited. WCFs attached to street poles or facades attached to
non-residential buildings or stealth WCFs are permitted subject to the
provisions of this chapter.
Section 8 of Article III specifically addresses the Amateur Radio operator:
(a) Exempt Communication Facilities.
The requirement imposed by this title shall not apply to antennas designed
to receive video programming signals from direct broadcast satellite (DBS)
services, multi-channel multipoint distribution providers (MMDS,) or
television broadcast stations (TVBS) provided that all of the following
conditions are met:
(1) The antenna measures thirty-nine (39) inches (one meter) or less in
(2) The antenna, if attached to a building, shall comply with Section 6j;
(3) The antenna is attached to a freestanding tower measuring less than
twelve (12) feet in height; and,
(4) This excludes lightning rods, private mobile radio systems, amateur
radio antennas less than 50 feet (15 meters) in height and whip
antennas less than 4 inches (10 cm) in diameter and less than 10
feet (3 meters) in height.
For more information, see the City
of Leander Website.
This information is provided "as is" without any warranty, condition, or
representation of any kind, either express or implied, including but not
limited to, any warranty respecting non-infringement, and the implied
warranties of conditions of merchantability and fitness for a particular
purpose. In no event shall the Central
Texas DX and Contest Club, or any officers or members thereof be
liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental, consequential or
other damages howsoever caused whether arising in contract, tort, or
otherwise, arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of
the information contained on this web site.